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Noche herida: El penoso transcurrir de los días

Orlando Mora

 

Al final de Noche herida un aviso le cuenta al espectador que la película forma parte de una trilogía de Nicolás Rincón Gille bajo el título de Campo hablado. La importancia de esa adscripción aparece mencionada en alguna entrevista con el director y la destacan varios de los críticos que se han ocupado de ella en distintos medios.

No he visto En lo escondido (2007)  y Los abrazos del río (2010), los otros dos títulos de la trilogía  y supongo que esa circunstancia afecta mi mirada de Noche herida. Lo digo porque no encuentro en la obra algunas de las cosas que en las reseñas referidas se destacan; no veo que en ella se responda a la pregunta “Qué pasa con la tradición popular del campo cuando la violencia viene a destruir completamente, no tanto la tradición sino a la gente”, que anuncia Marta Ligia Parra o lo de “El universo de la tradición oral campesina siempre me ha apasionado”, que menciona el realizador.

Lo que de entrada se encuentra en Noche herida es la lucha silenciosa, obstinada de una abuela por proteger a tres nietos de los peligros del ambiente.  Malviven hacinados en un rancho miserable en las afueras de Bogotá, con vecinos que comparten con ellos el drama del desplazamiento y la violencia. Blanca Rodríguez es la protagonista de la misma gesta heroica de miles de mujeres en Colombia, obligadas a llevar a hombros el día a día y la cotidianidad  de sus familias, con niños y adolescentes que terminarán casi con seguridad atrapados en las ruedas de un destino  que no les brinda salidas.

Rotulado como documental, hay en el trabajo de Nicolás Rincón algunos aspectos dignos de mención. El primero de ellos es la manera como está construido, con una dramaturgia y una puesta en escena que transitan terrenos habituales del cine de ficción. Si no fuera por los créditos finales que informan de la identidad de quienes hemos visto tratados como personajes, el público pudiera pensar que se trata de actores no profesionales en papeles inspirados en la realidad o seres reales interpretándose a ellos mismos.

Algo más intensifica la sensación de ficción y es el tipo de encuadre que se utiliza, con la cámara casi fija y colocada ligeramente en contrapicado (mirada de abajo hacia arriba), un tratamiento visual que por su rigor parece descartar la improvisación del registro. Igualmente los diálogos apuntan a un cuidadoso trabajo de preparación y presumiblemente a un guion que seleccionó escenas y momentos, con un armado que evita las líneas emocionales ascendentes y prefiere permanecer en la repetición de gestos y actos de la vida diaria de Blanca, sus nietos y su vecina.

Avanza también el documental en Colombia y que Noche herida llegue a las salas comerciales es un hecho a celebrar, junto a la revelación de un director interesado en búsquedas expresivas esperanzadoramente personales.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                               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